Ever wanted to know who created Rock Paper Scissors. The first time Rock Paper Scissors was recognized or mentioned in anything written dates back to the Ming Dynasty in Chinese in the book written by Xie Zhaozhi. In this book, the name of the game was known to be called “Shoushiling”. The Ming Dynasty was between 1368-1644. The game shoushiling a simple hand game was an important first step in the creation of Rock Paper Scissors.

All throughout the history of Japanese highlights frequent references to the sansulumi-ken meaning first game wherein three players are afraid of each other. This kind of game was originated in China before it was imported to Japan and become more and more popular to huge numbers of Japanese.

The earliest game of the Japanese was known to be called as the mushi-ken. In this type of game, the frog which is represented by the players thumb is outmoded by slug represented by the players little finger which is also superseded by snake represented by the player’s index finger. Despite of the fact that this kind of game was only imported from the China, the version of the Japanese is considered to be different.

During the 20th century, Rock Paper Scissors spread to Asian countries particularly due to the enhance contact of the Japanese to the western people. It is an English language type of game name taken from the translation of the three Japanese hands name — gestures for the scissors, paper and rock. Shape of the scissor during this game is also adopted from the style of the Japanese.

Rock Paper Scissors is an immensely popular game that has been around for generations. If you would like to learn more about who created rock paper scissors, check out the history of rock paper scissors.


The 27 Gambits of Rock Paper Scissors are everything that is RPS. A Gambit is defined as a series of three (3) successive moves made with strategic intention. Gambits became an important tool for rock, paper, and scissors competitors because it helps to cancel out the possibility of the opponent guessing right what you are going to throw. It narrows your strategy to be based on every set of three throws instead of attempting to strategize on every throw. The logic behind this is to introduce more randomness by selecting among 27 options rather than only 3. Having just 3 options to choose from creates a subconscious desire to balance the three things, and the resulting pressure needed to balance can be exploited by your opponent if they are paying careful attention.

The use of Gambits in competitive RPS has been one of the most enduring and greatest breakthroughs in Rock Paper Scissors (RPS) strategy. Selecting throws in advance helps prevent unconscious patterns from forming and can sometimes reduce the subconscious signals that give away the next throw, often called “tells’. Gambits form the basis of many advanced strategies and are the focal point of beginner strategy.

The Great Eight Gambits

The mathematically inclined will quickly realize that there are only twenty-seven possible Gambits. All of them have been used and documented in tournament play. Each has several names from a variety of locales. There is no such thing as a “new” Gambit. In a single game of Rock Paper Scissors with 3 rounds, there are only 27 shot combinations (Gambits). These gambits may be useful in developing your game strategy.

Rock Gambits

Paper Gambits

Scissors Gambits

These are the possible gambits in Rock Paper Scissors.
R stands for; Rock P stands for; Paper S stands for; Scissors